IMPROVING STUDENTS’ INTERACTION IN SPEAKING CLASS THROUGH INFORMATION GAP ACTIVITIES

Andri Defrioka

Abstract


The problem dealt with a passive class, where
students did not response and avoided interaction with
teacher and other students, were tried to be solved.
The purpose of the research was to test to what
extend the applying information gap activities could
improve students’ interaction in speaking class.
Classroom action research procedures (plan, act,
observe and reflection) were used to study the process
and participant outcomes.
The participants of this research were the third year
students of Building Department of SMKN 1 Padang,
consisted of 22 students. One of the English teachers
took part in the research as collaborator to assist the
implementation of information gap activities and to
observe the outcomes.
The research was conducted in two cycles with four
meetings for each. The information gap activities were
applied at each meeting with different topic of the
lesson. In the first cycle, not all of students interacted
with the teacher and other friends. Only some of them
participated in the class. After analysing the activities
in the first cycle, the cycle II followed the reflection on
the first cycle to further develop materials, activities
and teaching procedures.
The result of the research indicated that the
implementation of information gap activities can
better improve the students’ interaction in speaking
class. Student-centered class included pairwork and
groupwork also contributed to improve outcomes.
Besides, students were active to interact with their
teacher and other students. The students participated
at all activities. Finally, the classroom action research
process itself helped students and teacher reflects on
their successes and failures in teaching and learning
process.

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